Ethiopia may well deserve the title Cradle of Humankind. Some of the most famous, most iconic hominid fossils have been discovered within the countryÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s borders. Ethiopia canÃ‚Â claimÃ‚Â many Ã¢â‚¬Å“firstsÃ¢â‚¬Â in the hominid record book, including first stone tools and the firstÃ‚Â Homo sapiens. HereÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s a look at the countryÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s most important hominid finds.
Omo I and II (1967-1974):Ã‚Â While excavating the Kibish Formation near the Omo River, Richard Leakey and his colleagues uncovered a partial skull and skeleton (Omo I) and a partial skull (Omo II) that are still thought to beÃ‚Â the oldest examples ofÃ‚Â Homo sapiens.Ã‚Â DatingÃ‚Â to 195,000 years ago, Omo I has several features that clearly place it within our species, including a flat face, high forehead and prominent chin. Omo II, on the other hand, looks more primitive. While some researchers suggest its thicker skull and sloped forehead preclude it from being a true modern human, others say those features were probably within the range of variation for earlyÃ‚Â H. sapiens. Read more